What is 5G and How Does It Work?

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5G is a new kind of network that can connect everything and everyone virtually.  It is the fifth generation of mobile networks or cellular technology. It is specifically designed to reduce latency and increase speed. We will discuss how 5G works and how it can impact the real world.

What is 5G?

5G is a new wireless standard in the market after 4G. It can connect virtually, including people, machines, devices, and objects. 5G network increases agility and availability. In addition, it can provide reliability and a better user experience. 

4G network connection was more focused on ensuring better connectivity. However, a 5G network connection provides a connection from the cloud to the clients and takes the connectivity to a whole new level.

This 5G network provides shameless open roaming capabilities between Wifi and cellular access that can simplify mobility. As a result, every mobile user can stay connected without any intervention while moving between indoor and outdoor wireless connections.

5G networks can share certain traits with the Wifi 6 wireless standard known as 802.11ax. Wifi 6 can provide better geographical coverage and reduce the overall cost. It is a software-based network that comes with advanced automation.

How Does It Work?

What Is 5G

What Is 5G – What Is 5G and How Does It Work

5G radio is more capable of a wireless air interface. This interface can cover the spectrum. In addition, new antennas in 5G technology can incorporate a technology known as massive multiple input, multiple outputs (MIMO). It can activate several receivers and transmitters to transfer more data simultaneously.

5G architectures are software-defined platforms where you can manage networking functionality through software instead of hardware. This platform is very advanced in cloud-based technologies, virtualization, etc. Business process automation can enable the 5G architecture to be more flexible and to provide user access anywhere, anytime. 

5G technologies can enhance your digital experience through automation in machine learning. Technologies used in self-driving cars, automated provisioning, or proactive traffic management services require a 5G network. Services like this can reduce the cost and infrastructure and improve the experience.

5G services are available now in various countries. This 5G radio technology builds on the 4G network infrastructure, which is way faster than the 4G LTE network. To understand 5G technology, you must know the following components. 

5G New Radio (NR):

5G NR or 5G new radio defines the air interface. Machines, devices and all the users can receive and send data via this interface. Several mid and low-frequency bands in the sub-7 GHz range; can be defined as FR1. The higher frequency bands in 5G MR are called FR2/mmWave.

All the previous cellular spectrum and the additional spectrum in the sub-7 GHz frequency range can be included in 5G frequency. This different spectrum can help to overcome all the physical limitations related to bandwidth and throughput.

5G Next Generation Core (5G NGC)

It is the brain of the 5G network, providing management and control for the connected devices, the network, and its services. As defined by 3GPP, the new 5G core can utilize cloud-aligned and service-based architecture (SBA). It spreads across the 5G interactions and functions, including security, secession management, authentication, etc.

Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC)

It is a fundamental pillar to meet the demanding KPIs of 5G technology. MEC is required to maintain bandwidth efficiency and low latency in the 5G network. MEC or multi-access edge computing also plays an important role in transforming mobile networks into versatile service platforms for specific customer segments and industries.

IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS)

IMS or IP multimedia subsystem can deliver IP-based multimedia services to enabled mobile operators after a new era of rich multimedia services.

How Can 5G Impact the World?

5G technology can bring a new era of speed, better network performance, and a new connected experience for all users. Wi-Fi 6 and 5G technology may also impact the healthcare system. Experts will be able to monitor their patients via connected devices, which will constantly deliver data on prime health indicators such as blood pressure and heart rate.

In addition, 5G technology can provide information on accidents, traffic status, etc. by combining ML-driven algorithms.

5G technology is a massive step forward in mobile technology. It can offer 20 times better speed than a 4G network. In addition, the 5G network can handle multiple devices and improve the customer experience.

3 Primary Differences Between 5G and 4G

There are so many significant differences between 4G and 5G technology.


4G LET (Long Term Evolution) technology can only use bands that can operate up to 6 GHz. However, 5G bands can handle frequencies between 30 GHz and 300 GHz. High frequency enables 5G to support large data transfer and significantly increase speed.


4G network can offer a speed of up to 100 Mb per second. A 5G network offers 20 times than 4G speed. It can make mobile downloads easy and fast. You will not have to connect to a Wifi network for higher speed and better connectivity.


The 4G network is unable to handle multiple devices at the same time. However, 5G can provide high transmission in every individual device. Therefore, it can handle up to one million devices in a square kilometer without interruption.


5G technology has multiple benefits and can have a huge impact globally. It can offer a better standard and improve several areas like healthcare, automation, and connectivity.

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